Andalucia is full of passion and culture, their fertile soil where they grow olives is blessed with abundant sunshine. Its white houses reminiscent the architectural style of the Moors. Its aromas of leather, the wine of Xerez and the rhythms of flamenco and the castanets create an unforgettable experience.
This region of Spain has been called by the Arabs ” Land of Light ”, here are meet two continents and two seas, this region has a unique light, which is not found in other part of the world, its clarity attracts many tourists.
Andalucia hosts over an area of 87000 square kilometers, the landscape is defined by mountains like the Sierra Morena, Sierra Nevada (3481 m. Where you will find snow all year). Here you can find Roman settlements (Cadiz, Old Cades).
Throughout history the Greeks, Romans, Vandals and Visigoths took and cultivated this land, the last to come were the Arabs who took control of the area in the eighth century that ended the reign of the Visigoths. In the thirteenth century has begun the reconquest, the Catholic monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella in 1248 took Seville and Granada in 1492 and thus ended the struggle for the reconquest and expelled the Arabs of the peninsula.
Andalucia has 3000 hours of sunshine a year and a wealth of oranges, olives, wine and almonds. It has a population of seven million people. The traditional and religious festivals are of utmost importance for the Andalusians, are held every year, with the most important celebrations of Holy Week. The culture is reflected in local festivals called fairs, or bullfights and flamenco with various style. The landscape of Andalucia is wonderful and diverse, from the beaches of the Costa del Sol to the montains of Sierra Nevada.
Flamenco is the traditional dance of Spain, but has its origin in the minority of Gypsies who came to these lands in the fifteenth century and settled around the cities of Cadiz and Seville. This muzical style it became most famous all over the world, thanks to the movie of Carlos Sauras, Carmen. Flamenco is not just a dance with an interesting rhythm or a simple way to have fun, is also a way to open hearts and a reflection of life, pride and passion.
To know Spain, you have to see Seville, capital of Andalucia.
Sevilla is one of the most charming cities in Spain, directly rivaling with Granada, the second Arab jewel of Andalucia. After the discovery of America, Seville became a Guadalquivir river port and a major commercial center where goods from the Spanish colonies of America were unloaded and distributed throughout the country, in those times for Sevilla was his period of glory.
Here should visit the Cathedral of Santa Maria from XV century, very nice decorated, with its Patio de los Naranjos, the old courtyard of the Arab mosque and the minaret from twelfth century, the Real Alcazar, built in the twelfth century, used as a Christian palace from 1248. The cathedral and the Alcazar belong to the UNESCO World Heritage; the Barrio Santa Cruz, the Jewish quarter with narrow streets, courtyards with ceramic plates and balconies, are one of the attractions of Seville. The Museum of Fine Arts is part of Baroco architectural style, the most important of the city, with coleccioes of Spanish baroque art; Plaza de Espana, a formidable structure with painted ceramics. In the Maria Luisa Park on the outskirts of the city are Roman ruins.
The most beautiful buildings of Andalusia are due to the Arabs: the Mosque of Cordoba, the Alhambra in Granada, the Giralda and the Alcázar of Seville. One of the notable features of the Moorish style is attention to ornamental details. The grandiose motifs include mosaics, ceramics, quoted of the Koran carved in marble.
This city was an important political and cultural center since Romans, one of the most important personalities is Senec, philosopher of the first century, from the year 929, Cordoba became one of the most splendid metropolas of the caliphate, Jews, Arabs and Christians lived in harmony, science and technology develop as never, on the center of the city you can find things that remind the period of glory that had the caliphate, now in our days is a provincial capital with a population of 300,000 inhabitants.
The Mosque-cathedral of Cordoba known as the Great Mosque of Cordoba is the Catholic Christian cathedral of the Diocese of Cordoba dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and located in the Spanish region of Andalusia. The structure is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture.
The Alhambra de Granada, is a Nasrid “palace city”. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984. It is certainly Granada’s most emblematic monument and one of the most visited in Spain. It consists of a defensive zone, the Alcazaba, together with others of a residential and formal state character, the Nasrid Palaces and, lastly, the palace, gardens and orchards of El Generalife. The Alhambra occupies a small plateau on the southeastern border of the city in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada above the Assabica valley. Some of the buildings may have existed before the arrival of the Moors. The Alhambra as a whole is completely walled, bordered to the north by the valley of the Darro, to the south by the al-Sabika, and to the east of the Cuesta del Rey Chico, which in turn is separated from the Albaicín and Generalife, located in the Cerro del Sol.