Little Maltese archipelago is situated at 90 km south of Sicily. With its three islands, in order of size: Malta, Gozo and Comino, the geographical entity amazes visitors with its natural and historical goals, unusual small size contributing to the existence of a high density of surprising places.
Limestone, an spectacle
Because I chose to talk first about the spectacle of nature, we begin with the main actors: limestone and surreal blue water of the Mediterranean. Indeed, the combination of these two elements creates a natural environment which, if it were to fit on a scale of styles, I could name half romantic and another half surreal. Part of the high coast, a good presence on the shore of the winding of the three islands (Malta, the largest, with 17 of its 20 km) is the place where they were created karst phenomena. Roca creations evolve in color from yellow to dark green of plant pigments and describe the result of a process of erosion of thousands of years, colossal triumphal arches, as well as the island of Gozo, Azure Window or chains caves as The Blue Grotto in Malta, here, as in a cathedral vaults wide open over the visitor, water transparency creating great phenomenon of light reflection or ceilings fantastic game full of lace or disturbing phenomena of fluorescence from any body immersed. Light seems to radiate from the hands of those who are curious to try the bizarre phenomenon own skin. To these are added a very special conformation of beaches that give the feeling lunar soil. Going down to the sea, in the same place yellowish shades and gray limestone is spread a carpet of smooth waves, beach lovers has available stone formations lining the most diverse guises. On this place, in the sixteen century was creating small lakes on the outskirts for obtaining salt by water evaporation. Today, although the technique has evolved the picturesque small basins developed in many places are still used. Whether we refer to karst phenomena, such as the cave where Calypso detained as a prisoner to Ulysses , be it by some simple, low stretch, fully known today, with stalactites and stalagmites extensive deposits of prehistoric fossils of hippos, elephants and antelope, the caves of Maltese archipelago have the chance to still for a long time in the attention of specialists and tourists.
Limestone, cultural element of Malta
Always in the way of the invaders, Maltese civilization successfully defended using limestone as a building material fortifications. The appearance of the fortress is present inside the island, here are from megalithic temples older than a thousand years of Stonehenge, the true city-fortresses, as they were in the Middle Ages, such as Victoria, Valletta, Vittoriosa , Senglea, Cospicua, in these small urban areas, the picturesque of the place is given by the very narrow streets and limestone houses without windows, but with enclosed balconies and small patios.
Cathedral of St. John from Valletta have in its floor–slab tombs of 400 knights, encrusted in colored marble from Carrara. Hypogeum is an incredible replica of the megalithic monuments from the surface, held over three floors underground. An enigmatic civilization of 500 years ago, has some very advanced knowledge in astronomy and architecture in stone dug a network of rooms that served at first as an ossuary, and later as a church.
Fireworks and fanfare
Surprising but important elements of the Maltese culture, fireworks and fanfares are a permanent presence in the life of cities throughout the year on the island there are several weekend celebrations, every fiesta involving different processions on the street, and fireworks on the air, also on the ground.
Maltese friendship and hospitality is unsurpassed, full of humor and love of life, many of them know how to speak English, Italian, French and German. Besides this linguistic phenomenon synthesis is reflected even in Maltese, a curious mixture of the languages listed above, Maltese is the only predominantly Arabic language whose writing is in Latin characters.
Mediterranean has named diving paradise. Everywhere Malta offers facilities for those who want to merge with the fascinating world of silence. Organized for all levels from beginners to experienced divers carry their service customers through the myriad of fish and marine vegetation. Unique karst phenomena are present at the base of the islands real quests in underwater caves