The Seychelles’ 115 granite and coral islands extend from between 4 and 10 degrees south of the equator and lie between 480km and 1,600km from the east coast of Africa in the western Indian Ocean.
Seychelles, officially the Republic of Seychelles is a group of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar, with a total area of 455 km². Its capital is Victoria, the only city in the archipelago, located on the island Mahé and inhabited by one third of the population. It has the only international airport and port in the country, which receives flights from major international airports in the world, as the main source of foreign currency is tourism.
Seychelles is known as a tropical paradise. The unspoiled islands with beautiful beaches and a sea with excellent conditions for diving enthusiasts. It has tropical climate with temperatures that annually between 25 and 30 ° C, with very rainy months of November to May when they are hit by monsoon winds.
Victoria, sometimes called Port Victoria, or Mahé, is the capital of Seychelles, located in the northeastern part of the Mahé island.
The tourist attractions of Victoria include: Clock Tower, the headquarters of the Court, the Botanical Garden of Victoria, the National History Museum of Victoria, the Museum of Natural History of Victoria, and the Market Sir Selwyn Selwyn-Clarke. It also has the nation state, an Institute of Technology, while the port is in the east of the city, where tuna fishing and canning are a large local industry.
History of Seychelles
The islands were uninhabited when Arab traders began arriving. The first Europeans to visit them, were the Portuguese in 1505, while they were in route to Asia. Occasionally occupied by pirates until the French took possession of the territory in 1756, receiving its current name in honor of the then French finance minister Jean Moreau de Séchelles. The United Kingdom controlled the islands between 1794 and 1811, being permanently occupied by the British in 1814 after the Napoleonic Wars. They became a separate colony of Mauritius in 1903 and independence was granted in 1976 within the Commonwealth of Nations. On June 5, 1977 the lawyer France-Albert René, who was prime minister, took power and became president, a post he remained until April 14, 2004. The 1979 Constitution, made Seychelles to be one republic with only one socialist party, until 1992. René’s successor, is the current President James Alix Michel, who was re-elected on 31 July 2006.
A stunning wildlife
Among the best known of Seychelles, the giant tortoises and the family of frogs Sooglossidae with 2 genera and 4 species found only on this islands; Sooglossus gardeneri species is the smallest in the world between 9 and 12 mm long. Almost invisible, born with 1.6mm largo. Another unique species of Seychelles is Coleura seychellensis, it is bat, which is probably the most endangered species of bat in the world, because it is estimated that there are only between 30 and 100 ejemplares. Have identified 250 bird species, 12 of which are endemic species such as the black parrot of Seychelles. It is estimated that the islands contain 2,000 endemic species of invertebrates and more than 1,000 different species of fish inhabit the 1.2 million square kilometers of its waters territoriales. Noted for its striking clownfish Amphiprion fuscocaudatus, endemic species to this archipelago.