Water is a Turkmen’s life, a horse is his wings, and a carpet is his soul.
Turkmenistan – a glorious history, it´s one of the world famous places. Only the discovery of up to now unknown Margiana civilization raised the necessity to reconsider ancient world history. Such historical-cultural monuments are included to the list of world natural and cultural heritage of UNESCO.
Ancient Merv, one of the most ancient towns of Central Asia, is part of Margiana civilization. If earlier were known four ancient centers of civilization (Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China), now Margiana is recognized to be the fifth center. There is a number of settlements by which it is easily read historical topography of this legendary town from antique times up to late Middle Ages. The most interesting architectural monuments are the Big and Small Kyz-Kala, Mosque of Khodja-Yusup Hamadani, Mausoleum of Muhammed ibn-Zeid and Ashabs, and glanderous burial vault of Sultan Sanjar, which is considered by explorers to be the masterpiece of the Middle Ages architecture of the East. In Merv at different periods of time lived and worked, Omar Khayam, Al Khorezmi and other great thinkers of the Middle Ages.
Koneurgench is an ancient capital of Northen Khorezm, in the past which was founded in the I century A.D. It got under the power of Arabs and in 995 it was renamed into Gurgandge and became the residence of Khorezmshaks. It was a cultural and trading center of the middle ages. Now Koneurgench is not only a complex of historical monuments visiting card of which is one of the highest constructions of the world ancient minaret of Kutluk Timur (XI c.) of 60 meters high; it is also a sacred place for Muslims. The sacred complex of Nejmeddin Kubra is now the center of mass pilgrimage of Muslims from the whole world.
Nisa is an ancient town located in the foothills of the Kopetdag mountains. It is one of the first capitals of Parthian Empire (III c. B.C. – III c. A.D.) which is in the rank of largest state formations of antique world. There were palace and temple structures, huge wine storage and warehouses with enormous stocks. Fortified walls had 8-9 meters of thickness in their foundations and were strengthened with 43 rectangular towers.
Turkmenistan has a unique and glorious history. Traditionally a nomadic people, turkmen are descended from several separate tribes or clans, each speaking a different dialect and with its own style of dress, are renowned for their lavish hospitality, respect for seniors, honesty and generosity. Today, a visitor will be offered tea and food before even being allowed to explain why he has come! The most important values for the turkmen are friendship and love, always maintaining friendly relations with their neighbors – it is said that “If your neighbor is happy, you will be happy too.” Another common saying concerns horses, which turkmen have bred and trained for millennia: “Water is a Turkmen’s life, a horse is his wings, and a carpet is his soul.” The turkmen’s horse is virtually part of the family and the beautiful Akhal-Teke breed is the national emblem.
Ashgabat, is the capital of Turkmenistan and the largest city in the country with around 1.030.000 peoples. Is situated between Kara Kum desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range.